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Git SSH Key 生成步骤

Git是分布式的代码管理工具,远程的代码管理是基于SSH的,所以要使用远程的Git则需要SSH的配置。

github的SSH配置如下:

一 、

设置Git的user name和email:

$ git config --global user.name "xuhaiyan"
$ git config --global user.email "haiyan.xu.vip@gmail.com"

二、生成SSH密钥过程:

1.查看是否已经有了ssh密钥:

cd ~/.ssh 如果没有密钥则不会有此文件夹,有则备份删除


2.生存密钥:

$ ssh-keygen -t rsa -C “haiyan.xu.vip@gmail.com”

按3个回车,密码为空。

Your identification has been saved in /home/tekkub/.ssh/id_rsa.

Your public key has been saved in /home/tekkub/.ssh/id_rsa.pub.

The key fingerprint is:

………………

最后得到了两个文件:id_rsa和id_rsa.pub


3.添加密钥到ssh:ssh-add 文件名

需要之前输入密码。


4.在github上添加ssh密钥,这要添加的是“id_rsa.pub”里面的公钥。

打开https://github.com/ ,然后添加ssh。


5.测试:ssh git@github.com

The authenticity of host ‘github.com (207.97.227.239)’ can’t be established.
RSA key fingerprint is 16:27:ac:a5:76:28:2d:36:63:1b:56:4d:eb:df:a6:48.
Are you sure you want to continue connecting (yes/no)? yes
Warning: Permanently added ‘github.com,207.97.227.239′ (RSA) to the list of known hosts.
ERROR: Hi tekkub! You’ve successfully authenticated, but GitHub does not provide shell access
Connection to github.com closed.

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